Week 1

Week 1: Course Introduction

Visions of the Internet

England’s Victorian Internet and Early Twentieth Century Fictions of a Future Internet

Additional Materials


Grant Bollmer, “Networks before the Internet, Journal of Cinema and Media Studies 59, no. 1 (Fall 2019), pp. 142–148.

Books and Stories

Tom Standage. The Victorian Internet: The Remarkable Story of the Telegraph and the Nineteenth Century’s On-line Pioneers. Bloomsbury, 1999.
E. M. Forster. “The Machine Stops,” in Selected Stories. Penguin Classics, 2001. [PDF] [Archive.org]


“Victorian Internet,” All Things Considered, October 19, 1999.
“Human Insecurity,” The Secret History of the Future, October 3, 2018.